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文章目录

获取IP、浏览器、操作系统工具类

高大北
2022-04-27 / 0 评论 / 1 点赞 / 288 阅读 / 4,212 字 / 正在检测是否收录...
import eu.bitwalker.useragentutils.UserAgent;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import java.net.InetAddress;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;

/**
 * 获取IP方法
 */
public class IpUtils
{

    /**
     * 获得来源的浏览器
     * */
    public static String getBrowserAddr(HttpServletRequest request)
    {
        UserAgent userAgent = UserAgent.parseUserAgentString(request.getHeader("User-Agent"));
        return userAgent.getBrowser().getName();
    }


    /**
     * 获得来源的操作系统
     * */
    public static String getOsAddr(HttpServletRequest request)
    {
        UserAgent userAgent = UserAgent.parseUserAgentString(request.getHeader("User-Agent"));
        return userAgent.getOperatingSystem().getName();
    }

    public static String getIpAddr(HttpServletRequest request)
    {
        if (request == null)
        {
            return null;
        }

        String ip = null;

        // X-Forwarded-For:Squid 服务代理
        String ipAddresses = request.getHeader("X-Forwarded-For");
        if (ipAddresses == null || ipAddresses.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ipAddresses))
        {
            // Proxy-Client-IP:apache 服务代理
            ipAddresses = request.getHeader("Proxy-Client-IP");
        }
        if (ipAddresses == null || ipAddresses.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ipAddresses))
        {
            // WL-Proxy-Client-IP:weblogic 服务代理
            ipAddresses = request.getHeader("WL-Proxy-Client-IP");
        }
        if (ipAddresses == null || ipAddresses.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ipAddresses))
        {
            // HTTP_CLIENT_IP:有些代理服务器
            ipAddresses = request.getHeader("HTTP_CLIENT_IP");
        }
        if (ipAddresses == null || ipAddresses.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ipAddresses))
        {
            // X-Real-IP:nginx服务代理
            ipAddresses = request.getHeader("X-Real-IP");
        }

        // 有些网络通过多层代理,那么获取到的ip就会有多个,一般都是通过逗号(,)分割开来,并且第一个ip为客户端的真实IP
        if (ipAddresses != null && ipAddresses.length() != 0)
        {
            ip = ipAddresses.split(",")[0];
        }

        // 还是不能获取到,最后再通过request.getRemoteAddr();获取
        if (ip == null || ip.length() == 0 || "unknown".equalsIgnoreCase(ipAddresses))
        {
            ip = request.getRemoteAddr();
        }
        return ip.equals("0:0:0:0:0:0:0:1") ? "127.0.0.1" : ip;
    }

    public static boolean internalIp(String ip)
    {
        byte[] addr = textToNumericFormatV4(ip);
        return internalIp(addr) || "127.0.0.1".equals(ip);
    }

    private static boolean internalIp(byte[] addr)
    {
        if (StringUtils.isNull(addr) || addr.length < 2)
        {
            return true;
        }
        final byte b0 = addr[0];
        final byte b1 = addr[1];
        // 10.x.x.x/8
        final byte SECTION_1 = 0x0A;
        // 172.16.x.x/12
        final byte SECTION_2 = (byte) 0xAC;
        final byte SECTION_3 = (byte) 0x10;
        final byte SECTION_4 = (byte) 0x1F;
        // 192.168.x.x/16
        final byte SECTION_5 = (byte) 0xC0;
        final byte SECTION_6 = (byte) 0xA8;
        switch (b0)
        {
            case SECTION_1:
                return true;
            case SECTION_2:
                if (b1 >= SECTION_3 && b1 <= SECTION_4)
                {
                    return true;
                }
            case SECTION_5:
                switch (b1)
                {
                    case SECTION_6:
                        return true;
                }
            default:
                return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 将IPv4地址转换成字节
     *
     * @param text IPv4地址
     * @return byte 字节
     */
    public static byte[] textToNumericFormatV4(String text)
    {
        if (text.length() == 0)
        {
            return null;
        }

        byte[] bytes = new byte[4];
        String[] elements = text.split("\\.", -1);
        try
        {
            long l;
            int i;
            switch (elements.length)
            {
                case 1:
                    l = Long.parseLong(elements[0]);
                    if ((l < 0L) || (l > 4294967295L)){
                        return null;
                    }
                    bytes[0] = (byte) (int) (l >> 24 & 0xFF);
                    bytes[1] = (byte) (int) ((l & 0xFFFFFF) >> 16 & 0xFF);
                    bytes[2] = (byte) (int) ((l & 0xFFFF) >> 8 & 0xFF);
                    bytes[3] = (byte) (int) (l & 0xFF);
                    break;
                case 2:
                    l = Integer.parseInt(elements[0]);
                    if ((l < 0L) || (l > 255L)) {
                        return null;
                    }
                    bytes[0] = (byte) (int) (l & 0xFF);
                    l = Integer.parseInt(elements[1]);
                    if ((l < 0L) || (l > 16777215L)) {
                        return null;
                    }
                    bytes[1] = (byte) (int) (l >> 16 & 0xFF);
                    bytes[2] = (byte) (int) ((l & 0xFFFF) >> 8 & 0xFF);
                    bytes[3] = (byte) (int) (l & 0xFF);
                    break;
                case 3:
                    for (i = 0; i < 2; ++i)
                    {
                        l = Integer.parseInt(elements[i]);
                        if ((l < 0L) || (l > 255L)) {
                            return null;
                        }
                        bytes[i] = (byte) (int) (l & 0xFF);
                    }
                    l = Integer.parseInt(elements[2]);
                    if ((l < 0L) || (l > 65535L)) {
                        return null;
                    }
                    bytes[2] = (byte) (int) (l >> 8 & 0xFF);
                    bytes[3] = (byte) (int) (l & 0xFF);
                    break;
                case 4:
                    for (i = 0; i < 4; ++i)
                    {
                        l = Integer.parseInt(elements[i]);
                        if ((l < 0L) || (l > 255L)) {
                            return null;
                        }
                        bytes[i] = (byte) (int) (l & 0xFF);
                    }
                    break;
                default:
                    return null;
            }
        }
        catch (NumberFormatException e)
        {
            return null;
        }
        return bytes;
    }

    public static String getHostIp()
    {
        try
        {
            return InetAddress.getLocalHost().getHostAddress();
        }
        catch (UnknownHostException e)
        {
        }
        return "127.0.0.1";
    }

    public static String getHostName()
    {
        try
        {
            return InetAddress.getLocalHost().getHostName();
        }
        catch (UnknownHostException e)
        {
        }
        return "0:0:0:0:0:0:0";
    }
}

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