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SpringBoot整合Redis

高大北
2022-04-22 / 0 评论 / 1 点赞 / 294 阅读 / 7,631 字 / 正在检测是否收录...

1、引入maven依赖

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
  <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
</dependency>

2、添加引入配置文件

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonAutoDetect;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.PropertyAccessor;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.springframework.cache.CacheManager;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.EnableCaching;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.cache.RedisCacheConfiguration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.cache.RedisCacheManager;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.Jackson2JsonRedisSerializer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.RedisSerializationContext;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.RedisSerializer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer;
import java.time.Duration;

@Configuration
@EnableCaching
public class RedisConfig {
    @Bean
    public RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate(RedisConnectionFactory factory) {
        RedisTemplate<String, Object> redisTemplate = new RedisTemplate<>();
        redisTemplate.setConnectionFactory(factory);
        // 使用Jackson2JsonRedisSerialize 替换默认序列化
        Jackson2JsonRedisSerializer jackson2JsonRedisSerializer = new Jackson2JsonRedisSerializer(Object.class);
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        objectMapper.setVisibility(PropertyAccessor.ALL, JsonAutoDetect.Visibility.ANY);
        objectMapper.enableDefaultTyping(ObjectMapper.DefaultTyping.NON_FINAL);
        jackson2JsonRedisSerializer.setObjectMapper(objectMapper);
        // 设置value的序列化规则和 key的序列化规则
        redisTemplate.setKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        redisTemplate.setValueSerializer(jackson2JsonRedisSerializer);
        redisTemplate.setHashKeySerializer(new StringRedisSerializer());
        redisTemplate.setHashValueSerializer(jackson2JsonRedisSerializer);
        redisTemplate.afterPropertiesSet();
        return redisTemplate;
    }

    @Bean
    public CacheManager cacheManager(RedisConnectionFactory factory) {
        RedisSerializer<String> redisSerializer = new StringRedisSerializer();
        Jackson2JsonRedisSerializer jackson2JsonRedisSerializer = new Jackson2JsonRedisSerializer(Object.class);
        //解决查询缓存转换异常的问题
        ObjectMapper om = new ObjectMapper();
        om.setVisibility(PropertyAccessor.ALL, JsonAutoDetect.Visibility.ANY);
        om.enableDefaultTyping(ObjectMapper.DefaultTyping.NON_FINAL);
        jackson2JsonRedisSerializer.setObjectMapper(om);
        // 配置序列化(解决乱码的问题),过期时间30秒
        RedisCacheConfiguration config = RedisCacheConfiguration.defaultCacheConfig()
                .entryTtl(Duration.ofSeconds(1800000))
                .serializeKeysWith(RedisSerializationContext.SerializationPair.fromSerializer(redisSerializer))
                .serializeValuesWith(RedisSerializationContext.SerializationPair.fromSerializer(jackson2JsonRedisSerializer))
                .disableCachingNullValues();
        RedisCacheManager cacheManager = RedisCacheManager.builder(factory)
                .cacheDefaults(config)
                .build();
        return cacheManager;
    }
}

3、添加redis工具类,这里用的是若以框架

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.BoundSetOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.HashOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.ValueOperations;
import org.springframework.data.redis.support.atomic.RedisAtomicLong;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;
import java.util.*;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

@SuppressWarnings(value = {"unchecked", "rawtypes"})
@Component
public class RedisUtils {

    @Autowired
    public RedisTemplate redisTemplate;

    /**
     * redis自增
     * */
    public long redisAtomicLong(String key){
        RedisAtomicLong redisAtomicLong=new RedisAtomicLong(key,redisTemplate.getConnectionFactory());
        return redisAtomicLong.getAndIncrement();
    }

    /**
     * 缓存基本的对象,Integer、String、实体类等
     *
     * @param key   缓存的键值
     * @param value 缓存的值
     */
    public <T> void setCacheObject(final String key, final T value) {
        redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(key, value);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存基本的对象,Integer、String、实体类等
     *
     * @param key      缓存的键值
     * @param value    缓存的值
     * @param timeout  时间
     * @param timeUnit 时间颗粒度
     */
    public <T> void setCacheObject(final String key, final T value, final Integer timeout, final TimeUnit timeUnit) {
        redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(key, value, timeout, timeUnit);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存基本的对象,Integer、String、实体类等
     *
     * @param key      缓存的键值
     * @param value    缓存的值
     * @param timeout  时间
     * @param timeUnit 时间颗粒度
     */
    public <T> void setCacheObject(final String key, final String value, final Integer timeout, final TimeUnit timeUnit) {
        redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(key, value, timeout, timeUnit);
    }

    /**
     * 设置有效时间
     *
     * @param key     Redis键
     * @param timeout 超时时间
     * @return true=设置成功;false=设置失败
     */
    public boolean expire(final String key, final long timeout) {
        return expire(key, timeout, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    }

    /**
     * 设置有效时间
     *
     * @param key     Redis键
     * @param timeout 超时时间
     * @param unit    时间单位
     * @return true=设置成功;false=设置失败
     */
    public boolean expire(final String key, final long timeout, final TimeUnit unit) {
        return redisTemplate.expire(key, timeout, unit);
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的基本对象。
     *
     * @param key 缓存键值
     * @return 缓存键值对应的数据
     */
    public <T> T getCacheObject(final String key) {
        ValueOperations<String, T> operation = redisTemplate.opsForValue();
        return operation.get(key);
    }

    /**
     * 删除单个对象
     *
     * @param key
     */
    public boolean deleteObject(final String key) {
        return redisTemplate.delete(key);
    }

    /**
     * 删除集合对象
     *
     * @param collection 多个对象
     * @return
     */
    public long deleteObject(final Collection collection) {
        return redisTemplate.delete(collection);
    }

    /**
     * 通过前缀模糊删除
     *
     * @param prex 前缀
     * @return
     */
    public long deleteObjectByPrex(String prex) {
        Set<String> keys = redisTemplate.keys(prex + "*");
        return redisTemplate.delete(keys);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存List数据
     *
     * @param key      缓存的键值
     * @param dataList 待缓存的List数据
     * @return 缓存的对象
     */
    public <T> long setCacheList(final String key, final List<T> dataList) {
        Long count = redisTemplate.opsForList().rightPushAll(key, dataList);
        return count == null ? 0 : count;
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的list对象
     *
     * @param key 缓存的键值
     * @return 缓存键值对应的数据
     */
    public <T> List<T> getCacheList(final String key) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForList().range(key, 0, -1);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存Set
     *
     * @param key     缓存键值
     * @param dataSet 缓存的数据
     * @return 缓存数据的对象
     */
    public <T> BoundSetOperations<String, T> setCacheSet(final String key, final Set<T> dataSet) {
        BoundSetOperations<String, T> setOperation = redisTemplate.boundSetOps(key);
        Iterator<T> it = dataSet.iterator();
        while (it.hasNext()) {
            setOperation.add(it.next());
        }
        return setOperation;
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的set
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public <T> Set<T> getCacheSet(final String key) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForSet().members(key);
    }

    /**
     * 缓存Map
     *
     * @param key
     * @param dataMap
     */
    public <T> void setCacheMap(final String key, final Map<String, T> dataMap) {
        if (dataMap != null) {
            redisTemplate.opsForHash().putAll(key, dataMap);
        }
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的Map
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public <T> Map<String, T> getCacheMap(final String key) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForHash().entries(key);
    }

    /**
     * 往Hash中存入数据
     *
     * @param key   Redis键
     * @param hKey  Hash键
     * @param value 值
     */
    public <T> void setCacheMapValue(final String key, final String hKey, final T value) {
        redisTemplate.opsForHash().put(key, hKey, value);
    }

    /**
     * 获取Hash中的数据
     *
     * @param key  Redis键
     * @param hKey Hash键
     * @return Hash中的对象
     */
    public <T> T getCacheMapValue(final String key, final String hKey) {
        HashOperations<String, String, T> opsForHash = redisTemplate.opsForHash();
        return opsForHash.get(key, hKey);
    }

    /**
     * 获取多个Hash中的数据
     *
     * @param key   Redis键
     * @param hKeys Hash键集合
     * @return Hash对象集合
     */
    public <T> List<T> getMultiCacheMapValue(final String key, final Collection<Object> hKeys) {
        return redisTemplate.opsForHash().multiGet(key, hKeys);
    }

    /**
     * 获得缓存的基本对象列表
     *
     * @param pattern 字符串前缀
     * @return 对象列表
     */
    public Collection<String> keys(final String pattern) {
        return redisTemplate.keys(pattern);
    }

    //String类型操作
    /**
     * 是否存在key
     *
     * @param key
     * @return
     */
    public Boolean hasKey(String key) {
        return redisTemplate.hasKey(key);
    }

}
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